1. Hardware sets and finishes must be highly durable and not show signs of excessive wear over their lifespan.
  2. Consistently provide a hardware style and color throughout a facility; neutral colors with a brushed finish such as satin chrome, nickel or stainless steel are preferred. Brass or bronze finishes may be used in Group 1, Group 4 or historical facilities.
  3. Flat-bar configurations are preferred for panic devices.
  4. Integrate cipher locks, card readers, etc. when operationally required with frames and hardware sets.

Provide doors and windows for a long facility life span and for maximum flexibility under adaptive use. Install durable doors, windows and frames made of low-maintenance materials. Hardware types and finishes will not degrade or show excessive wear over their lifespan.

Install glazing in doors and locate windows to preserve paths of sunlight. Create openings to enhance air flow and to facilitate passive ventilation. Balance building performance with occupant comfort, health, safety, security and productivity.

Visually integrate doors and windows with the overall facility design to create an organized appearance. These elements must convey an image of lasting quality and efficiency without extravagance. Ensure systems and materials are appropriate for the Facility Group.


Following the directives of UFC 1-200-02, determine whether passive ventilation and cooling systems are cost-effectively incorporated prior to designing active mechanical systems. Operable interior windows are encouraged. Maximize natural ventilation with window and door types, strategic location and ease of operation. Coordinate door and window systems with thermal mass interior walls.

Door and window systems should enhance indoor environmental quality and must provide daylighting. Material specifications should consider environmentally preferable products, products with recycled content, as well as low-emitting and biologically-based products.

Ensure doors, windows, and frames are finished with low VOC-content applications. Refer to EPA guidelines for recycled content and cost-effectively meet or exceed the standards. Select biobased materials following USDA as applicable for the facility group number.


Provide doors and windows in interior partitions where functionally required and preserve risk mitigation features, systems and equipment. In areas vulnerable to storm surge or flooding, provide materials and finishes to withstand these events with minimal damage.

UFC 1-200-01 General Building Requirements

UFC 1-200-02 High Performance and Sustainable Building Requirements

UFC 3-120-10 Interior Design